Floating Houses, The Solution for Flooding
by Indyrra Chrisyadewi (1006717634)
Floods often occur in several countries in the world, especially in countries with high rainfall, such as Indonesia. Floods are distinguished according to source of water, which resulted flooding. The first is flooding caused by overflow of river water due to rain. The second is the flood that occurred due to destruction of a dam. Last one is flooding due to sea level rising. This occurs because of storms and earthquakes.
The impact of flooding is very harmful to society. Floods can cause damage to the building, so the building cannot be occupied when the flood is going on, even after the flood ended. After the flood receded, there was mud sediment and rubbish that left behind. Floods not only cause disease to humans, but can also be fatal, such as the tsunami that occurred in 2004 in Aceh, Indonesia.
To resolve this problem, floating houses be the right choice as a home for people who live in flood prone areas. Actually the idea of floating houses has been implemented in several regions in Indonesia, such as in Kalimantan. In Kalimantan, the floating houses called Lanting by local society.[i] Most people in Borneo live in the area by the river, even above rivers. Such a conditions, forcing them for make the kind of housing that can float on water. Until now, we still can find floating houses in Borneo, built traditionally.
Today, the idea of floating houses began to be developed by several architects from around the world. This is caused by flood incidents that frequently occur in some areas lately. One of the architects who developed the floating houses is Dura Vermeer, a Dutch architect.[ii] According to Dura Vermeer, the key of the floating houses is the foundation of a strong concrete. Then the foundation is connected to steel pillars. Later on, steel pillars will be under water if flooding occurs. With the steel pillar, the water cannot enter into the building. Design of floating houses developed according to era development, so that the floating houses can be a building that is comfortable and safe to be a place to live.
[i] Elektra, Hendra. “Huma Betang.” Huma Betang. 23 march 2011. <http://dodonk.blogspot.com/2008/03/l-anting-merupakan-rumah-terapung-yang.html>