Home > Architecture > Floating Houses, The Solution for Flooding

Floating Houses, The Solution for Flooding

by Indyrra Chrisyadewi (1006717634)

Floods often occur in several countries in the world, especially in countries with high rainfall, such as Indonesia. Floods are distinguished according to source of water, which resulted flooding. The first is flooding caused by overflow of river water due to rain. The second is the flood that occurred due to destruction of a dam. Last one is flooding due to sea level rising. This occurs because of storms and earthquakes.

The impact of flooding is very harmful to society. Floods can cause damage to the building, so the building cannot be occupied when the flood is going on, even after the flood ended. After the flood receded, there was mud sediment and rubbish that left behind. Floods not only cause disease to humans, but can also be fatal, such as the tsunami that occurred in 2004 in Aceh, Indonesia.

To resolve this problem, floating houses be the right choice as a home for people who live in flood prone areas. Actually the idea of floating houses has been implemented in several regions in Indonesia, such as in Kalimantan. In Kalimantan, the floating houses called Lanting by local society.[i] Most people in Borneo live in the area by the river, even above rivers. Such a conditions, forcing them for make the kind of housing that can float on water. Until now, we still can find floating houses in Borneo, built traditionally.


Traditional Floating House in Kalimantan, Indonesia

Modern Floating House Design by Vandeventer + Carlander Architects

Today, the idea of floating houses began to be developed by several architects from around the world. This is caused by flood incidents that frequently occur in some areas lately. One of the architects who developed the floating houses is Dura Vermeer, a Dutch architect.[ii] According to Dura Vermeer, the key of the floating houses is the foundation of a strong concrete. Then the foundation is connected to steel pillars. Later on, steel pillars will be under water if flooding occurs. With the steel pillar, the water cannot enter into the building. Design of floating houses developed according to era development, so that the floating houses can be a building that is comfortable and safe to be a place to live.

[i] Elektra, Hendra. “Huma Betang.” Huma Betang. 23 march 2011. <http://dodonk.blogspot.com/2008/03/l-anting-merupakan-rumah-terapung-yang.html&gt;

[ii] “Floating Houses.” Floating Houses. 30 March 2011. < http://www.floatinghouses.com/&gt;

Categories: Architecture
  1. architectureintl2010
    March 30, 2011 at 1:41 pm

    Nice info, ayya!
    I have some questions;
    What do you mean with, floods could cause Tsunami?
    And, do you think we can realize this method in Jakarta?

    Mariyam Yasmin

    • architectureintl2010
      March 31, 2011 at 12:08 am

      yasmin, I think you have misunderstood about what I said. It should be “tsunami can cause a flood”. as we know, tsunami in Aceh brought a lot of sea water to the land, and we call it flooding too, the huge one. Check out the wikipedia about flooding 🙂
      by Indyrra Chrisyadewi

  2. architectureintl2010
    March 30, 2011 at 2:31 pm

    nice info about floating houses as a solution to flooding. But can this method be implemented in Jakarta? considering the high density of the city and the scarce amount of land, i think that it would be impossible to create this kind of building in Jakarta.

    Andika Ibnu Praditya

    • architectureintl2010
      March 31, 2011 at 12:13 am

      I know about it. I think it is all about the time when people realize about this idea. Because in Indonesia, not many architects do experiments about floating house. So, let people in Jakarta and all around Indonesia know about this idea and we will see about what they will do 🙂
      by Indyrra Chrisyadewi

  3. March 30, 2011 at 4:40 pm

    well i think this is not applicable to modern cities.
    its impossible to create a city upon a reservoir,
    say we have house, how about efficient transportation. or sustaining facilities?
    agricultural maybe.

    but however this is something to solve, you have provided a good example here
    now how about taking it further? is there a way that this might be the answer for the future cities
    (sea level rises every year, and its undeniable)

    • architectureintl2010
      March 31, 2011 at 12:18 am

      the idea of floating house is for the worst case of flooding, not the little one. just imagine when global warming getting worse and the sea water start to cover the land. we have no choice to do an adaption. you were right bernard, the floating house design can be the answer for the future city, when the global warming getting worse. I hope it won’t happen, actually.
      by Indyrra Chrisyadewi

  4. March 30, 2011 at 8:47 pm

    well done, Ayya.
    thank you for sharing this.
    I want to ask, is there any bad effects from creating this floating house?
    maybe from the structural / foundation of building?

    because we know that, all materials which are reacted with water (H2O), it will give period change on the materials by the time. It means that it can be possible change the color or the composition of the material itself.

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