Eco Centric logic for Environmental issues in Bandar Kemayoran
There are six competing logics of sustainable architecture; Eco-technic logic, Eco-centric logic, Eco-aesthetic logic, Eco-cultural logic, Eco-medical logic, and Eco-social logic. Each logic has its own main focus on the sustainable architecture issue and each has its own method. For eco-technic logic, science and technology can solve environmental issues through rational analysis and management of the environment. Eco-centric logic, a natural approach, is about building and the place of nature. Eco-aesthetic logic is about the importance of aesthetic of a building that is at the same time sustainable, so it focuses on a beautiful, creative and “green” architecture. Eco-cultural logic emphasizes sustainable architecture as a preservation of culture. Eco-medical logic uses a medical rhetoric to focus attention on the adverse impacts of the built environment and the causes of stress that engender health problems, both physical and psychological. Eco-social logic extends the social agenda of sustainability beyond a concern for the individual to encompass a political discourse that suggests that the main cause of the ecological crisis stems from wider social factors. It addresses the democracy as the key to an ecological society.
There is another idea about sustainable architecture called Eco-effectiveness. Eco-effectiveness is how to use a waste to become something that is useful, so it will not left only as a waste. There are five steps to eco-effectiveness: to get “free of” known culprits, to follow informed personal preferences, to create a “passive positive” list, to activate the positive list, and to reinvent. Both eco-logic and eco-effectiveness are supporting each other.
Bandar Kemayoran, the former international airport in Jakarta is actually a sustainable area with its big green area and forest. The only issue that this area has is there are still many slum housing areas spread all over the subdistrict. But since they moved all flight activities to Soekarno-Hatta Airport, the government decided to develop this subdistrict and planned to make it become the center of all business and government activities. The master future plan has already been made, and is planned to be realized in 2030. The future plan is actually good, but the bad thing about this future plan is that it will decrease the green area. The future plan will replace the green area with new high-rise buildings. From the six competing logics of sustainable architecture and eco-effectiveness, the eco-centric logic becomes the concept that is really fit to solve Bandar Kemayoran`s issue. The future plan should be made with natural approach. They should consider the need of green area in the city/district/subdistrict, because it will improve the place and the living, generally. Furthermore, in order to develop a new city with new buildings, choosing good and natural materials should also be considered. So, a new sustainable city could be built with green area and sustainable buildings.
Slums Area in Bandar Kemayoran.
Master Plan of Bandar Kemayoran.
- Guy, Simon and Graham Farmer. “Reinterpreting Sustainable Architecture:The Place of Technology”.p. 140-147. 2001
- McDonough, William and Michael Braungart. “Cradle to Cradle”.p. 180-186.
- Wikipedia, “Kemayoran,” Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kemayoran