The Dubai Palm Islands
The Dubai Palm Islands are man-made islands located off the coast of The United Arab Emirates in the Persian Gulf. The constructors are Jan de Nul and Van Oord, famous marine constructor companies from Belgian and Germany. These artificial archipelago are named Palm Jumeirah, Palm Jebel Ali, and Palm Deira. The construction of these island will add 520 kilometres of beaches to the city of Dubai. The purpose of the construction was to increase Dubai’s tourism by providing a one-of-a-kind tourist destination brimming with contemporary world-class hotels, upscale services and amenities and hundreds of more miles of Dubai beaches all in a world unique to anything anyone has ever seen before.
The constructions of the first two islands which are Palm Jumeirah and Palm Jebel Ali comprised approximately 100 million cubic meters of rock and sand. Palm Deira was composed of approximately 1 billion cubic meters of rock and sand. All materials to built these artificial archipelago was quarried in the UAE. Among the three islands there will be over 100 luxury hotels, exclusive residential beach side villas and apartments, marinas, water theme parks, restaurants, shopping malls, sports facilities and health spas.
The process of building these islands was not easy. The sand is sprayed by the dredging ships, which are guided by DGPS, onto the required area in a process known as rainbowing because of the arcs in the air when the sand is sprayed. The outer edge of each Palm’s encircling crescent is a large rock breakwater. The breakwater of the Palm Jumeirah has over seven million tons of rock. Each rock was placed individually by a crane, signed off by a diver and given a GPS coordinate.
Palm Jumeirah is the smallest island of the three Palm Islands. Its construction was started in 2001. It is located in the Jumeirah coastal area in Dubai. Palm Jumeirah is the first island which is built in a crown with 17 fronds, and a surrounding crescent island that will form a water-breaker. It has already been acclaimed a marvel of marine construction and engineering vision. Being one of newest tourism spot in Uni Arab Emirates, Palm Jumeirah has many shopping centre, recreation places, hotels, and spas. The heart of Palm Jumeirah is the trunk which is 2 km long living retail and tourism destination.
The Palm Jebel Ali Island is the middle sized island. It is located on the Jebel Ali coastal area in Dubai. The man-made palm-shaped island will consist of a trunk, a crown with 17 fronds, and a surrounding crescent island that will form a water-breaker. It is very famous for the caligraphic around the crowns. The construction of Palm Jebel Ali began in October 2002 and is finished at the end of 2006. The Palm Jebel Ali is more suitable for adults and children’s recreation or family to be specific.
The Palm Deira is the largest man-made island of The Dubai Palm Islands. It is located on the Deira coastal area of Dubai. It consists of a trunk, a crown with 41 fronds and a surrounding crescent island that will form a water breaker. The construction began on October 2004 and is expected to complete in 2015. Rumors has it that the construction will consume over a billion cubic meters of rock and sand. It will be 14 kilometers in length and 8.5 kilometers in width and have an area of 80 square kilometers.