Architects world mostly dominated by men. In fact, most students in architectural education, are women. However, in the end, only a few of them who become practitioners. A woman should try harder to survive in the world of architecture. Here are some great women in the world of architecture.
1. Zaha Hadid
Date of Birth: 31 October 1950
Education: Architectural Assiciation School of Architecture
Firm: Zaha Hadid Architects
Awards: 11 Awards, the most recent is Stirling Prize 2010
Projects : Maxxi, Bridge Pavillion, Guangzhou Opera House, and many more
2. Kazuyo Sejima
Date of Birth: 1956
Education: Japan Women’s University
Firm: Kazuyo Sejima and Associates
Awards: 6 awards, the most recent is Pritzker Architecture Prize in 2010.
Projects: Rolex Learning Center, Serpentine Pavilion, and many more.
3. Denise Scott Brown
Date of Birth: 3 October 1931
Education: Architectural Association School in Architecture
Firm: Venturi, Scott Brown and Associates
Awards: 9 awards, the most recent is AIA Firm Award 1985
Projects: Seattle Art Museum, BASCO Showroom, and many more.
4. DS. Vitorini
Date of Birth:
Education: Parahyangan University
Firm: GAEA Architect
Projects: The Ship and many more
Websites: on process
Great women above, can become an inspiration for women who have a dream to become architects. All it takes is confidence, hard work and patience. Everything is possible.
- e-architect, 2010. Zaha Hadid Architects: Architecture Information + Images. [online] Available at: <http://www.e-architect.co.uk/architects/zaha_hadid.htm> [Accessed 14 May 2011].
- Anon., 2009. Happy Ada Lovelace Day!. Ouno, [blog] 24 March, Available at: <http://blog.ounodesign.com/tag/eileen-gray/> [Accessed 14 May 2011].
- academic.triton.edu, n.d.. Photos of Famous Architects. [online] Available at: <http://academics.triton.edu/faculty/fheitzman/Photos%20of%20Architects.html> [Accessed 14 May 2011].
- Albertur Prawata, 2011. DS. Vitorini. TigaEnamLima, [blog] 2 April, Available at: <http://3enam5.blogspot.com/2011/04/ds-vitorini.html> [Accessed 14 may 2011].
Today China is experiencing a golden period in the economic field, even mentionedthat China’s economy is better if compared with the United States. The progress ofthe economy, affecting development in the most populous countries in the world.Many modern buildings projects that changed the landscape of this country. Below is a list of just a few of projects that are designed by foreign practices in China, often collaborating with local Chinese design institue.
1. Looped Hybrid Housing, Beijing, 2006, Steven Holl Architects
2. Suzhou Museum, Beijing, 2006, Pei Partnership with Suzhou Institute of Architectural Design
3. CCTV Headquarters, Beijing, 2008, OMA.
4. Water Cube, Beijing, 2008, PTW Architects.
5. Guangzhou Opera House, Guangzhou, 2010, Zaha hadid Arhitects.
China is known by the people who love their indigenous culture, but remain open to changes that lead them to a better direction. Indonesia, which is one of developing countries in Asia, is not possible to be able to do the same. By keep on trying, nothing is impossible right?
- Anon., 2011. Guangzhou Opera House by Zaha Hadid Architects. Mokader blog, [blog] 1 February, Available at: <http://mokader.com/architecture/guangzhou-opera-house-by-zaha-hadid-architects/> [Accessed 14 may 2011].
- theage.com.au, n.d.. Beijing’s ‘Water Cube’ Stadium. [online] Available at: <http://www.theage.com.au/photogallery/2008/03/11/1205125883538.html> [Accessed 14 May 2011].
- ARUP, n.d.. Advanced Technology and research. [online] Available at: <http://www.arup.com/Services/Advanced_Technology_and_Research/ATR_iconic_projects.aspx> [Accessed 14 may 2011].
- TravelPod, n.d.. Suzhou Museum. [online] Available at: <http://www.travelpod.com/travel-photo/shangguan/1/1225738800/1_suzhou-museum.jpg/tpod.html> [Accessed 14 May 2011].
- e-architect, 2009. Linked Hybrid by Steven Holl Architects. [online] Available at: <http://www.e-architect.co.uk/china/linked_hybrid.htm> [Accessed 14 May 2011].
by Indyrra Chrisyadewi (1006717634)
Floods often occur in several countries in the world, especially in countries with high rainfall, such as Indonesia. Floods are distinguished according to source of water, which resulted flooding. The first is flooding caused by overflow of river water due to rain. The second is the flood that occurred due to destruction of a dam. Last one is flooding due to sea level rising. This occurs because of storms and earthquakes.
The impact of flooding is very harmful to society. Floods can cause damage to the building, so the building cannot be occupied when the flood is going on, even after the flood ended. After the flood receded, there was mud sediment and rubbish that left behind. Floods not only cause disease to humans, but can also be fatal, such as the tsunami that occurred in 2004 in Aceh, Indonesia.
To resolve this problem, floating houses be the right choice as a home for people who live in flood prone areas. Actually the idea of floating houses has been implemented in several regions in Indonesia, such as in Kalimantan. In Kalimantan, the floating houses called Lanting by local society.[i] Most people in Borneo live in the area by the river, even above rivers. Such a conditions, forcing them for make the kind of housing that can float on water. Until now, we still can find floating houses in Borneo, built traditionally.
Today, the idea of floating houses began to be developed by several architects from around the world. This is caused by flood incidents that frequently occur in some areas lately. One of the architects who developed the floating houses is Dura Vermeer, a Dutch architect.[ii] According to Dura Vermeer, the key of the floating houses is the foundation of a strong concrete. Then the foundation is connected to steel pillars. Later on, steel pillars will be under water if flooding occurs. With the steel pillar, the water cannot enter into the building. Design of floating houses developed according to era development, so that the floating houses can be a building that is comfortable and safe to be a place to live.
[i] Elektra, Hendra. “Huma Betang.” Huma Betang. 23 march 2011. <http://dodonk.blogspot.com/2008/03/l-anting-merupakan-rumah-terapung-yang.html>